- Official Forest land cover % and area in your country
Forest in Mongolia can be divided into two distinct forest types, northern boreal forests which cover approximately 13.76 million ha (FRDC, 2016) and the southern Saxaul forests which cover 4.7 million ha (FRDC, 2016), which are an arid zone forest / shrub ecosystem, both these have different ecological conditions, threats and management solutions.
- Potential FSC FM Certification area for:
- Classical forest management (with thinning and logging operations) for any type of wood products incl pellets
All forests in Mongolia are state property. The Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) has primary oversight for forest development and conservation, while Aimag and Soum administrations are responsible for forest management at the local level.
Administratively, Mongolia’s forests are divided into two categories: Protected and Utilization Zones. The Protected area (79.5% of total) includes sub-alpine forests, special protected areas, national parks, nature reserves and cultural monuments, around water bodies, cities, towns, roads and railways, and have controlled commercial logging (thinning and cleaning operations) and harvesting for subsistence needs. In the Utilization Zone (20.5 %), commercial logging is permitted, under strict Government control.
The 2017 annual logging volume is total 1.219.909 m3 of which 258.757 m3 commercial logging volume, 961.152 m3 is firewood. This includes all kind of thinning, cleaning and commercial harvesting in Forest utilization zone. The forests of special protected areas allowed conducting thinning and cleaning. Those volumes are around 81.944 m3 per year. There is several type of wood processing plants are operating to supply domestic demands for furniture, toys, art, Ger (traditional yurt) and construction purpose.
In country level
- Non-timber forest products (NTFP’s):
Non-timber forest products, such as nuts, seeds, berries and medicinal plants, make a significant contribution to food security for both rural and urban people. Mongolia has registered more than 600 species of medicinal herbs, more than 1000 species of nutritional herbs, over 200 species of herbs for food and more than 200 species of technical herbs.
Many small and medium scale enterprises producing medicine and non-timber products including mushrooms and nuts.
- Ecosystem services (comes as addition over FM certification) + National Parks and High Conservation Value areas